Active shooter statistics: Between 2000 and 2016, there have been 220 active shooter incidents in the United States, as recorded by the FBI. Of these 220 incidents there are a reported number of casualties of 1,486 which includes both individuals injured and killed. Out of these incidents recorded, 43.2% occurred in businesses and 21.8% has occurred in education. Other locations have included houses of worship, healthcare facilities and government. This then brings up the question, are all of these locations prepared if they are faced with a situation such as an active shooter?
Active Shooter Statistics on the Rise in the U.S.
The FBI defines an active shooter incident as incidents where “one or more individuals actively engage in killing or attempting to kill people in a populated area.”
According to the active shooter statistics recorded by the FBI, the number of active shooter incidents in the United States per year are rising steadily with a few exceptions.
- 2004, 2008 and 2011 stand out as years with sharp declines in active shooter incidents.
- 2010 is the year with the highest number of incidents.
- 2012-2016 has been relatively consistent with the number of incidents being between 17 and 20 per year
What does this mean?
This means that Active Shooter incidents have risen significantly since 2000.
- In 2000, there was a reported number of 1 active shooter incident.
The number of casualties per year are rising
You would expect for the number of casualties to rise with the number of incidents rising. However, the number of casualties is rising disproportionately to the number of incidents. In fact, even in years when the number of incidents has stayed the same, the number of casualties has risen.
- In 2014, 2015, and 2016 there were a reported 20 incidents per year.
- During the years, 2014, 2015, and 2016 there were 97, 134, and 212 casualties, respectively.
What does this mean?
- Active shooters are committing more mass shootings than they have previously.
- The public is still not adequately prepared, even with the exposure to these tragedies.
Where did these incidents occur?
According to the data these incidents occur most commonly in commerce, education, open space, government, residences, houses of worship and healthcare facilities.
- Commerce is the most frequently occurring at 43.2%. Commerce includes business both open and closed to the public; and malls.
- Education is 2nd at 21.8%, with schools pre-k through 12th grade accounting for ¾ of the total incidents and higher education accounting for ¼.
- Open space ranks 3rd. This included public spaces such as that which occurred in Las Vegas on October 1st, 2017.
- Incidents in government at 10.5%
- Houses of worship and healthcare facilities account for 3.6% and 2.7%, respectively.
- PDF: Difference between active shooter incidents and mass casualty incidents
- No commonly recognized definition of mass casualty incidents exists, making their measurement complicated.
- Federal agencies do not collect data on mass casualty incidents or shootings, but they do collect data on active shooter statistics.
- Active shooter incidents do not include gang- or drug-related incidents, the accidental discharge of a firearm, or family- and intimate partner-related shootings.
- Therefore, statistics differ based on from where the information is collected.
However, the statistics draw the same conclusion
Active shooter statistics and mass casualty incidents are rising in the U.S.
What can YOU do about this?
- Prepare for potential threats in your workplace, school, place of worship or other public area. Find out if you need a customized approach to training.
- Create plans and protocols that will empower you to take action if faced with a threat. For schools especially, build an effective threat response plan.
- An Alarming Trend: Social Media Threats of Violence - October 31, 2018
- FBI Report: Active Shooter Incidents in 2017 – Guardian Defense’s Takeaways - May 16, 2018
- Active Shooter Statistics, By the Numbers - April 24, 2018
- Participation in the 17 Minute National School Walkout after Parkland Shooting - March 16, 2018
- How to Barricade a Door Effectively During a Shooting or Terror Attack - January 31, 2018
- Active Shooter Training Scenarios: Nine Tips to Prepare for Effective Staff Exercises - December 14, 2017
- Active Shooter Training Programs : Need to be Customized? - November 20, 2017
- Las Vegas Shooting: How to Plan for Threats in Public Venues - October 2, 2017
- Lockdown Drill Procedures: 8 Prerequisites for Administrators - September 25, 2017
- Security in Schools – 15 Questions for Administration - August 28, 2017