On Thursday, October 1, 2015, a lone wolf active shooter rocked the peaceful community of Roseburg, Oregon as the killer targeted college students and the Christian faith; and killed 9, while injuring seven in the Oregon Community College Shooting.
In agreeance with the local sheriff, I will not name the cowardly killer at any point in this blog in order to avoid glorifying him in any way. This blog is going to zero in on the incident, the focus points, and how to learn from this tragedy in order to avoid mass casualty incidents in the future. Please note that there is no judgement or “Monday morning quarterbacking” when I discuss the focus points of this massacre. The purpose of this after-action analysis is to understand the incident, hone in on the primary points and understand how planning can protect innocent lives from a future attacks. My heart and prayers go out to the families and victims of this senseless act of violence.
The Oregon Community College Shooting Incident
Just before the Oregon Community College Shooting began, a 26-year-old student of Umpqua Community College entered the campus wearing a flak jacket. Under that jacket was a heavily armed and dangerous person. This student, who attended English and theater classes, did not seek education on this day, but made the decision to target and kill innocent people at random and also people of the Christian faith. The killer first entered an English class and immediately began opening fire, killing the professor at point blank range. He then systematically questioned students on their religious affirmation. The shooter asked frightened students if they were Christian to stand up. When they acknowledged their faith, the killer instantly shot and moved on to the next person while he had time to reload. Neighboring classes heard the shooting and one student described the incident:
“I heard a popping noise, almost like a balloon popping,” she told CNN’s Wolf Blitzer. “I knew something wasn’t right and so I got down.” All of the students in her classroom dropped to the ground. They huddled together behind backpacks, chairs and underneath tables. “We locked the doors, turned off the lights, and we were all pretty much were in panic mode,” the student said. “We called 911 and called our parents, our loved ones … We didn’t know what was going to happen, if those were our last words or not.”
At 10:38AM (Pacific Time), the first 911 calls came in referencing a shooting on campus. About six minutes later, at approximately 10:44AM, two Roseburg police officers and one state trooper arrived on scene. At approximately 10:46AM, reports indicated that shots were exchanged from the responding officers with the killer. Two minutes later, reports indicated the killer had been neutralized in the science building with multiple victims and casualties. It has been determined by the medical examiner that the killer committed suicide once he was confronted by law enforcement.
Active Shooter Incident – Focus Points
It is difficult to get a true perspective on what actually occurred during a major incident like this one and it takes quite some time to receive the official After-Action Report (AAR) to understand everything that occurred on this tragic day.
My sole purpose for dissecting every line in the AAR is to find ways to prevent and/or mitigate mass casualty incidents like this one from happening in the future. This case is unique because timelines and witness testimony have already been leaked to the mainstream media. I am still very hesitant what I take from the mainstream media and I attempt to do my due-diligence to research as much information as possible to make sure the information is credible.
Before moving forward, I’d like to reiterate that as I go through the incident and identify points to be learned, I am in no way questioning or judging anyone’s actions or decisions made under these most stressful situations. I also recognize that there are many more focus points that can be analyzed once the official AAR is published.
- Common Routes: The killer allegedly studied English and Theatre. One thing that is notable about a lot of these killers is when they plan and rehearse they will traditionally attack the places they normally travel every day. In this case the killer targeted an English class and then moved to the science building. It is my opinion that he felt comfortable with the English building because he attends class there and knows the layout of the facility. It is still unclear if the science building was where his theatre class was held.
- Time Frame: In this incident, reports indicated when the first 911 call came in. From the first call, it took 8 minutes for responding law enforcement to arrive on scene, locate the killer and neutralize him. On average, active shooter incidents typically last 10-15 minutes with the clock starting once the killing or shooting begins. At this point there is no timeframe when the incident started, but I suspect the total time from when the incident occurred to when the incident ended falls within the 10-15 minute range. Ten to fifteen minutes of killing is certainly a long time for killings to occur.
- Plan to Kill: During an active killer situation the plan and mindset of the assailant is to kill, period. They are not seeking ransom or attempting to create a hostage situation. In this case it is completely evident that this person’s plan is to hunt for victims and kill them. Whatever the motivation is, and in this case it appears religious, these killers want power and whether they get the power from tormenting people before they kill them or just committing the act, they want high numbers. In this case the killer tormented his victims before he shot them. His way of tormenting was to use religion as the method to allow his victims to feel as if they would have a chance to live if they answered the question correctly. Tormenting was also used at Columbine by Eric Harris and Dylan Klebold. Please take note that the killings may still be at random, even when there appears to be a motive.
- Action Plans: During an active shooter incident there will always be others that will hear the gunfire. Once gunfire is recognized, people either take action or not. In this case, a neighboring class reacted by locking the door, turning the lights out, and calling 911. These three actions are very important actions to take in this type of crisis. However, there needs to be more. Sitting behind backpacks and desks will not defeat a killer armed with a gun. Those desks could be used for barricading and those backpacks used as weapon for striking. Having action plans during these types of incidents are critical for survival and winning an active shooter incident.
- Law Enforcement Presence on Site: As far as I may aware, there was no full-time law enforcement officer or armed security on site on a daily basis. The closer a trained armed first responder is during an active shooter incident, the faster the incident is over. Traditionally, once the killer is confronted with any resistance they kill themselves. In this case, this campus is located in a rural area and police presence was most likely more than one minute away. Therefore, the longer it takes for law enforcement to arrive, the longer the killer can seek out victims. Once the killer was confronted by law enforcement there was a short exchange of gunfire and the killer committed suicide. My recommendation is that every educational establishment should have a law enforcement officer present.
In order to prevent and/or mitigate mass casualties there has to be training. Unfortunately, attacks like the Oregon Community College Shooting could occur anywhere and at any time. Even though most people are aware active shooter incidents at schools are a threat we deal with every day, there is minimal to no progressive training for our schools. Moving forward, educational establishments can construct action plans and build layers of resistance to prohibit the killer from having unrestricted access to victims. As a current law enforcement officer, subject matter expert in tactics, use of force, active shooter incidents and Founder/CEO of Guardian Defense; I share my knowledge and experience with our targeted workers in our country in order to inspire them to take action until professional first responders arrive. Guardian Defense conducts training and drills that provide schools, businesses and law enforcement officers with a multitude of plans to prepare for an intruder, active shooter or killer, or other terror attack.
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